Club of Amsterdam Journal, October 2023, Issue 258

Journals Archive
Journals – Main Topics
Climate Change Success Stories
The Future Now Shows



Lead Article

Patents were meant to reward inventions. It’s time to talk about how they might not
by Rebecca Giblin, The University of Melbourne, Anders Furze, The University of Melbourne and Kimberlee Weatherall, University of Sydney

Article 01

World Economic Situation and Prospects
by United Nations

The Future Now Show

Positive impact on innovation & the state of the world
with Frank Richter & Miss Metaverse

Article 02

The beauty of collective intelligence, explained by a developmental biologist | Michael Levin
by Big Think

News about the Future

> Supercapacitor
> Make3D Company Limited, The Gambia

Article 03

Emissions free cooling. Can we do it?
by Just Have a Think

Recommended Book

Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Sustainable Development:
Achieving the SDGs through Education, Wellbeing, and Innovation

by Dimitrios A. Karras (Editor), Sai Kiran Oruganti (Editor), Sudeshna Ray (Editor)

Article 04

World’s beaches are changing because of climate change
- green thinking is needed to save them

by University of the Witwatersrand

Climate Change Success Story

Coastal Management



Futurist Portrait

Andrew Busch
Economic Futurist

3D printing, Africa, Air Conditioning, Australia, Belize,
Brazil, China, Coastal Management, Collective Intelligence,
ECONOMY, England, Ghana, India, Indonesia, Innovation,
IPCC, Netherlands, Portugal, SDGs, Singapore, Stakeholder
Capitalism, State of the World, Turkey, United Nations,
United States, Vietnam

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Felix B Bopp

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Michael Levin: “All known cognitive agents are collective intelligences, because we are all made of parts; biological agents in particular are not just structurally modular, but made of parts that are themselves agents in important ways. ...”

Frank Richter: “Turkey has a herculean task at hand of embarking on a recovery, while charting a path to continuous growth. Will it be capable to bring about structural reforms to serve as a start-off hub for global investments and bring about sustainable growth?”

Andrew Busch: "In today’s rapidly evolving business landscape, the integration of artificial intelligence (AI) into various industries has fused the physical and digital world, sparking significant transformations."

Lead Article:

Patents were meant to reward inventions. It’s time to talk about how they might not
by Rebecca Giblin, The University of Melbourne, Anders Furze, The University of Melbourne and Kimberlee Weatherall, University of Sydney


Rebecca Giblin

Anders Furze

Kimberlee Weatherall



For hundreds of years, we've been told patents help deliver big new inventions, such as life-saving drugs.

They are meant to be a bargain between the inventor and the public: tell us how your invention works, and we'll give you a fixed time - a patent protection period - in which you're the only person who can make use of it.

Such exclusive rights make it easier for inventors to profit from their investments in research and development, and in theory encourage innovation we wouldn't get otherwise, which benefits us all.

We've long had to accept this bargain on faith. But those core assumptions about patents are increasingly being subject to empirical testing, and - as we detail in a new podcast starting this week - often coming up short.

Many claimed inventions likely don't work

Consider the most basic assumption - that the public will benefit from patented technologies - both as products and services and as building blocks for more innovation. That's meant to be achieved by inventors coming up with inventions that work, then telling the patent office how they work.

But research by Janet Freilich from Fordham University in the United States suggests there is a "replicability crisis" in patent claims that rivals those in other fields.

Freilich graded the experiments said to back up 500 life sciences patents against the requirements of the journal Nature - and found as many as 90% didn't stack up and probably couldn't be reproduced.

She says:

patent law relies on the assumption that, when a patent is filed, it has been "reduced to practice" - meaning that the invention works. The reality is that most inventions likely do not work, casting serious doubt on this assumption.

One of the reasons is the way the patent system works.

Under the 'first-to-file' system, when two inventors are developing similar technologies, the inventor who gets to the patent office first gets the patent. Freilich argues this means that any experiments they do conduct will inevitably be quick and preliminary.

Worse still, only 45% of the patents she examined were backed up by any sort of experiment. The remaining 55% were supported only by speculative and hypothetical evidence. This is allowed under patent law at least in some countries, but it does raise questions about what exactly the public gets out of the system.

Research sometimes accelerates when patents expire

We're also told we grant patents to "incentivise" (encourage and reward) the kind of work needed to get expensive products, like new drugs, to market.

But again, this theory doesn't always match the practice.

Research led by John Liddicoat of King's College London finds that in the development of many drugs, the most expensive trials (Phase II and Phase III) actually accelerate once patent protection expires, when universities and hospitals feel free to step in.

This raises a number of serious questions:

  • why aren't patents providing an incentive for patent holders to do these trials?

  • should we shorten the length of patents to bring forward trials?

  • are commercial organisations best suited for trials?

An AI-driven flood of low-quality patents

Artificial intelligence is set to make it easier to find, and perhaps automatically enforce patents, which could frighten away more genuine innovators.

Generative AI could also lead to more patents: in the words of the government agency IP Australia, it is likely to reduce "the barrier to creating novelty". This could potentially overwhelm patent offices with even lower quality patents.

It is also likely to mean patent examiners can no longer rely on the default assumption that the claimed invention is solely the result of human exertion, raising the possibility of needing to rethink the patent bargain.

Invention matters more than ever

More and more, new research and new developments are telling us we can no longer take the claims made for the patent system on faith.

Urgent challenges - including climate change, infectious diseases, political polarisation and artificial intelligence - all require cutting-edge science that can be put to work quickly and at scale to solve real-world problems.

That makes this an ideal time to talk about whether our patent system is best equipped for that task, exploring a range of options for finding and applying the innovations we need - and bringing in voices and perspectives that are too often marginalised in intellectual property debates.


Rebecca Giblin, ARC Future Fellow; Professor; Director, Intellectual Property Research Institute of Australia, The University of Melbourne, Anders Furze, Research Assistant, Melbourne Law School, The University of Melbourne and Kimberlee Weatherall, Professor of Law,University of Sydney


These ideas are discussed in the first episode of IP Provocations, a new podcast asking challenging and sometimes controversial questions around IP and data. You can listen here, or via your favourite podcast platform. The Conversation




This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license.


Article 01

World Economic Situation and Prospects 2023
by United Nations

Multiple shocks to the world economy

The world continues to confront multiple, inter-connected crises. Amid a slow recovery from the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, the world is facing a food and energy crisis exacerbated by the war in Ukraine, with record high inflation unleashing a cost-of-living crisis. Developing countries are struggling over the costs of imports and debt servicing, and a climate crisis continues to wreak havoc on the most vulnerable countries and populations.

Amid monetary tightening, subdued consumption and private investments, judicious government spending will remain critical for steering economic recovery worldwide. The UN World Economic Situation and Prospects 2023 will underscore the imperative of supportive and accommodative fiscal measures to lift growth and accelerate progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals.


World Economic Situation and Prospects
PDF document available at:



The Future Now Show

Positive impact on innovation & the state of the world
with Frank Richter & Miss Metaverse

The world is facing unprecedented stress – on its systems and on its people via economic imbalances, geo-politics, and climate change. Although these factors interact in seemingly uncontrolled ways, we can make changes that mitigate negative pressures.

Innovation has been a crucial driver of progress and development for centuries – from the discovery of fire and the invention of the wheel, modern day civilization could be said to be the story of human innovation. Advancements in healthcare, farming, education and manufacturing technologies are the direct result of advanced human capabilities rooted in determined endeavor.








Horasis Global Meeting
Gaziantep, Türkiye over 22-23 October, 2023



Dr. Frank-Jürgen Richter
Chairman of Horasis
a global visions community


Katie (Miss Metaverse™) King
Futurist and Content Creator
Thailand & Cary, North Carolina, USA

Felix B Bopp
Producer of The Future Now Show

The Future Now Show

You can find The Future Now Show also at

LinkedIn: The Future Now Show Group
YouTube: The Future Now Show Channel


Article 02

The beauty of collective intelligence, explained by a developmental biologist | Michael Levin
by Big Think

Michael Levin, a developmental biologist at Tufts University, challenges conventional notions of intelligence, arguing that it is inherently collective rather than individual.

Levin explains that we are collections of cells, with each cell possessing competencies developed from their evolution from unicellular organisms. This forms a multi-scale competency architecture, where each level, from cells to tissues to organs, is solving problems within their unique spaces.

Levin emphasizes that properly recognizing intelligence, which spans different scales of existence, is vital for understanding life's complexities. And this perspective suggests a radical shift in understanding ourselves and the world around us, acknowledging the cognitive abilities present at every level of our existence.




News about the Future

> Supercapacitor
> Make3D Company Limited, The Gambia


MIT engineers have created a “supercapacitor” made of ancient, abundant materials, that can store large amounts of energy. Made of just cement, water, and carbon black (which resembles powdered charcoal), the device could form the basis for inexpensive systems that store intermittently renewable energy, such as solar or wind energy.

Two of humanity's most ubiquitous historical materials, cement and carbon black (which resembles very fine charcoal), may form the basis for a novel, low-cost energy storage system, according to a new study.

Make3D Company Limited, The Gambia

At Make3D we provide local solutions for local community problems using the 3D printing technology. We focus on emergencies and emerging markets as well as technological solutions in non-technological traditional industries. Together we can provide local solutions for global problems.

Fatou Juka Darboe is the co-founder and director of Make3D Company Limited, the first and only 3D printing company in The Gambia. Isatou Foon is a young tour guide from Janjanbureh, renowned for its historical and cultural heritage. What unites them is their passion to use trade to transform their communities. Both have benefited from the Youth Empowerment Project, an initiative of the International Trade Centre (ITC) funded by the European Union, which aims to unlock the potential of young people in The Gambia to support economic growth.

Fatou Juka Darboe: "My dream has always been to be able to manufacture equipment that I will need as a Maintenance Technician here in The Gambia. 3D printing technology is one of the ways to achieve that and gives you almost endless opportunities to materialize your ideas and customize your products."


Article 03

Emissions free cooling. Can we do it?
by Just Have a Think

By 2050 there will be almost six BILLION air conditioning units in operation around the world. Current technology is extremely energy hungry and often uses refrigerant gases with very high global warming potential. We can't eliminate air conditioning, because millions of people would literally die. So what are we doing to try to solve a rapidly worsening problem? 



David Borlace

A communicator of our current human induced climate crisis, and the solutions that lay before us as we go through the 21st Century.
YouTube researcher and presenter at Just Have a Think.



Recommended Book

Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Sustainable Development:
Achieving the SDGs through Education, Wellbeing, and Innovation

by Dimitrios A. Karras (Editor), Sai Kiran Oruganti (Editor), Sudeshna Ray (Editor)


ISC 2022 is dedicated to the Niti Aayog policies to promote sustainability through exchange of ideas emerging out of the academia. The ISC is an annual conference that is held in virtual mode until COVID restrictions on travel exist. The vision of the conference is to capacitate Academia with the necessary ideas that provide insights of the grassroot level development to various stakeholders of the Niti-Aayog policies. Towards this goal, the conference creates a conjunction of various stakeholders of Niti-Aayog policies that include- academic institutions, government bodies, policy makers and industry. The ISC organizers make concerted efforts to promote academic research that would technological, scientific, management & business practices, and insights into policy merits & disruptions. The framework of exchange of ideas is geared towards adoption of deep technologies, fundamental sciences & engineering, energy research, energy policies, advances in medicine & related case studies. This framework enables the round table discussions between the academia, industry and policy makers through its range of plenary and keynote speakers.

Dimitrios A. Karras
Assoc. Professor at National & Kapodistrian University of Athens (NKUA)

Dimitrios A. Karras received the Diploma and M.Sc. degrees in electrical and electronic engineering and the Ph.D. degree (with honors) in electrical engineering from the National Technical University of Athens, Athens, Greece, in 1985 and 1995, respectively.,From 1990 to 2004, he collaborated as a Visiting Professor and Researcher with several universities and research institutes in Greece. Since 2002, he has been with the Department of Informatics, Hellenic Open University, Patras, Greece, as a Visiting Professor in communication systems. Since 2004, he has been with the Department of Automation, Chalkis Institute of Technology, Chalkida, Greece, as an Associate Professor in digital systems and signal processing. He is also the Editor-in-Chief of the International Journal in Signal and Imaging Systems Engineering. He has authored more than 50 research journal papers on pattern recognition, image/signal processing, neural networks, and bioinformatics, and more than 140 research papers in international scientific conference proceedings. His research interests include pattern recognition and neural networks, image and signal processing, image and signal systems, biomedical systems, communications, networking, and security.,Dr. Karras has served as program committee member in many international conferences, and program and general chair in several international workshops and conferences in the fields of signal, image, and automation systems.

Sai Kiran Oruganti
Professor, School of Electrical and Automation Engineering, Jiangxi University of Science and Technology, Ganzhou China Oct 2019 – Ongoing

Prof.Dr. Sai Kiran Oruganti is with the School of Electrical and Automation Engineering, Jiangxi
University of Science and Technology, Ganzhou, People’s Republic of China as a full Profes-
sor since October 2019. He is responsible for establishing an advanced wireless power transfer
technology laboratory as a part of the international specialists team for the Center for Advanced
Wirless Technologies. Between 2018-2019, he served as a senior researcher/Research Professor at
Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology. Previously, his PhD thesis at Ulsan National
Institute of Science and Technology, South korea, led to the launch of an University incubated
enterprise, for which he served as a Principal Engineer and Chief Designer in 2017-2018. After
his PhD in 2016, he served Indian Institute of Technology, Tirupati in the capacity of Assistant
Professor (Electrical Engineering) between 2016-2017.

Sudeshna Ray
Assoc. Professor (Physical Science), Rabindranath Tagore University

Dr. Sudeshna Ray's research at the interface of Chemistry and Material Science is focused on the development of Novel Inorganic based Luminescent materials for the application in white Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) and as Spectral Converters in Solar Cell. The novel materials can be a single composition multi-centred phosphor or near UV/blue excitable blue, green, yellow and red emitting phosphor. The utilization of 'Green' solution based Synthesis Methodology for the precise control of the composition of the phosphors and achievement of a homogenous distribution of small amounts of activators in the host compounds is the main paradigm of my Research. In addition, to my previous focus on Synthesis, Characterization and Optical studies of size and shape tuned nanocrystalline Y2O3, YVO4 and YPO4 based phosphors, I am extensively involved into the research for the development of Advanced Luminescence Materials so called Quantum Cutters for the application in Solar Cell. A unifying theme of my research is the compositional tuning of the properties of extended solids through solid solution; sometimes referred to as the game of x and y, as, for example, in Sr2(1-x-y/2)Eu2xLaySi1-yAlyO4. Design of New phosphor for LEDs and fabrication of LEDs using the phosphors is an integral part of my Research. Currently, I am involved in the synthesis of Persistent Phosphors for the fabrication of Glow Bullet for Defense Application.
RESEARCH INTERESTS . Exploration of New Phosphors by Mineral Inspired Methodology . Development of water soluble silicon compound by alkoxy group exchange reaction . Synthesis of Eu2+ and Ce3+ doped silicate phosphors using water soluble silicon compound . Solution Synthesis of 'Size' and 'shape' tuned Nanomaterials . Characterization of Nanocrystalline phosphors by XRD, TEM, FE-SEM and Raman spectroscopic measurement. . Study of 'Up-conversion', 'Down-conversion', 'Down-shifting' phenomena by steady state photoluminescence and lifetime measurement and analysis. . Measurement of 'Quantum Efficiency' and Thermal stability of phosphors. . Development and optical study of 'Quantum Cutting' Materials as Spectral Converter for Solar cell



Article 04

World’s beaches are changing because of climate change
- green thinking is needed to save them
Jasper Knight, University of the Witwatersrand


Jasper Knight


Different strategies are required to save coastlines. Wikimedia Commons


Coastlines - the interface between land and sea - lie at the frontline in the battle against climate change impacts.

Globally, almost 1 billion people now live within 10km of a coastline and the same number live in areas less than 10 metres above sea level. These populations face some of the world's biggest climate hazards, such as coastal floods from rising sea levels and the effects of hurricanes and tropical storms, which are becoming more frequent and deadly. If there is a 2 metre increase in sea levels by 2100, this may lead to the forced migration of between 72 million and 187 million people.

However, coastlines vary substantially in their physical properties, and are found across all latitudes, environments and with a range of ecosystems and types of human activity. This means that coastline responses to climate change will vary from one place to another.

Several studies have identified sandy coastlines as particularly vulnerable to climate change, because they are made up of loose sand grains that are easily eroded by waves. A survey in 2018 showed that 24% of sandy coasts globally were already experiencing persistent net erosion because of climate change, and this was projected to get even worse in the future.

This is of concern because sandy coasts are particularly important for biodiversity, carbon storage, agriculture and tourism.

In a recent study of South African coastlines I examined the properties that contribute to their physical and biological resilience. Coastal landforms (features like estuaries, barrier islands, beaches and sand dunes) can buffer the effects of climate change and provide ecosystem and environmental services. Viewing coastal landforms as "green infrastructure"is a way to work with nature to manage the impacts of climate change.

Managing coastlines to boost resilience

Not all sandy coastlines respond in the same ways to climate, in part because they are made up of different landforms. Research shows that these landforms respond in different ways to waves, tides, sea-level change and sediment supply.

Their varied behaviours mean that a range of management responses are required to limit the impacts of climate change on these landforms, and this is the challenge facing all coasts globally in the 21st century.

However, there are some problems. Many management approaches used in the past are inappropriate or have actually made the situation worse. A classic example is where a sea wall or revetment is built along an eroding sandy coastline. This is usually a hard, high, straight structure, often built of concrete and designed to stabilise the coastline and keep the sea out. These structures often focus rather than disperse incoming wave energy, leading to increased beach erosion and undercutting of the sea wall, and requiring further and bigger structures to be built as the coast erodes even faster. Many such engineering structures designed to protect coasts are expensive, require continuous maintenance, and may have similar unintended consequences. Thus, these structures often make coastal problems worse, not better.

Instead, different approaches are needed. Working with - and not against - the natural processes and landforms that already exist along sandy coastlines may be a more effective and cheaper option. This is where natural beaches or sand dunes may protect the land against coastal erosion and be maintained by natural ecological and sedimentary processes.

In my study, I have shown how the natural landforms of different coastal environments can serve as green infrastructure: natural features that perform the same function as hard engineering structures in coastal protection. Natural beaches or sand dunes can stabilise the land surface and reduce erosion rates, provide ecosystem services and maintain biodiversity, store organic carbon, modify microclimate, and reduce the impacts of coastal hazards on local communities.

However, this approach has not been commonly used along African coasts, despite its environmental benefits.

Using coastal landforms as green infrastructure can build coastal resilience to climate change. This is a "win-win" situation for both coastal landforms and populations.

Green infrastructure

Green infrastructure is part of wider nature-based solutions to addressing environmental issues and climate change impacts. However, a number of developments are needed to make the use of green infrastructure a wider practice, but local authorities, planners and managers.

Coastlines need to be recognised as naturally dynamic, shifting environments rather than as environments that need to be controlled and managed. The multiple and varied benefits that coastlines give to the environment, ecosystems and people must be recognised, including how they relate to one another.

Coastlines therefore need to be considered as integrated and dynamic systems, not simply as the boundaries between land and sea.

And finally, not all coastlines are the same - sandy and rocky coastlines work in different ways, as do coral reef, mangrove or glaciated coasts. This means that each coastline has different elements that contribute to their overall resilience or vulnerability to climate change impacts. The Conversation

Jasper Knight, Professor of Physical Geography, University of the Witwatersrand



This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license.


Climate Change Success Story

Coastal Management



Climate change is accelerating sea-level rise (SLR) and, with coastal urbanisation increasing worldwide, cliff erosion on rocky coasts is an immediate hazard to human lives, property and infrastructure in these locations.

Explore Key Aspects of Coastal Systems

European coastal states are affected by coastal hazards resulting from floods, storm surges and erosion which impact thousands of kilometers of European coasts. Between 1998 and 2009, Europe suffered over 213 major damaging floods which have caused some 1126 deaths, the displacement of about half a million people and at least €52 billion in insured economic losses.

Disaster risk reduction (DRR) is defined as the concept and practice of reducing disaster risks through systematic efforts to analyse and reduce the causal factors of disasters. Reducing exposure to hazards, lessening vulnerability of people and property, wise management of land and the environment, and improving preparedness and early warning for adverse events are all examples of disaster risk reduction.

Risk management planning is the result of the interaction of a measure with the biophysics of the coasts (“COASTAL FEATURES”), the human behaviour (“PEOPLE & STORIES”) and the institutional arrangements (“GOVERNANCE”). Each coast is characterized by bio-physical and cultural particularities, like coastal morphology, heritage, cultural values, legal and administrative traditions, interpretations of risk and economic situation. Therefore, the utilization of a given measures can only be successful if the particular biophysical, cultural and institutional background that the measure steams from are well understood.

OURCOAST, the European portal for Integrated Coastal Zone Management

Through OURCOAST, the European Commission aims to ensure that lessons learned from the coastal management experiences and practices can be shared and are made accessible to those who are seeking sustainable solutions to their coastal management practices.

OURCOAST focuses in particular on adaptation to risks and the impacts of climate change, information and communication systems, planning and land management instruments, and institutional coordination mechanisms.

The main final product of OURCOAST is the ICZM Database: a comprehensive compilation of hundreds of case study summaries that reflect successful examples of ICZM tools applied throughout Europe (with a search by Geographical Selection; Themes; Key Approaches; Free Search).

A multi lingual website will host the ICZM Database providing navigation and information about OURCOAST in ten European languages.

The ICZM database of Ourcoast is currently included in the European Atlas of the Seas, an interactive web-based geographic application, providing general marine data and maritime information along with statistics on the European seas and coasts.


Climate change in the Netherlands - Pioneering coastal management
by DW Documentary

The Netherlands is a frontrunner in innovative coastal management. After all, around a third of the country is below sea level. As the Dutch set about modernizing their dykes, they hope that a marsh grass will help stem the rising tides.

In the Netherlands, climate change is far more than an abstract future danger. With sea levels rising, coastlines are set to be hit more frequently by floods in the future. Scientists at the Royal Netherlands Institute of Sea Research are looking for new ways of protecting their country's dykes and seawalls. They discovered that common cordgrass can slow down incoming waves and soften their impact. The next challenge was how to plant the grass in mudflats without it being repeatedly washed away by the tides. Their solution: a lattice structure made of potato starch. In addition to coastal protection, however, the Netherlands also has researchers looking at the potential for using seaweed to benefit the climate as a food source or a plastic substitute. Elsewhere, a floating farm in Rotterdam produces dairy products while boasting a drastically lower carbon footprint. And Amsterdam is now home to neighborhoods comprising floating homes. On the coastal management and climate protection fronts, the Netherlands has expertise that is in growing global demand.


The battle against the sea - Coastal erosion in Portugal
by DW Documentary

Coastal erosion is becoming an increasing problem for Portugal’s Atlantic coast. Each winter brings heavier storms, and the rising sea level is endangering homes and beach promenades. How are local residents and authorities coping with the situation?

The pressure on Portugal’s west coast is mounting by the year. In the north in particular, many Portuguese are fighting a desperate battle against the advancing sea, which is threatening beaches and coastal resorts. Every year, environmental authorities have to concede coastal homes to the ocean and resettle their inhabitants. The report shows how people in Portugal are battling rising sea levels and coastal erosion. Locals such as fisherman Vítor Cacheira, who can no longer make a living from coastal fishing. He now works as a town councilor in Esmoriz, promoting a resettlement program which provides affected families with secure housing.

At the beach in Furadouro, surfing instructor and nature guide João Paulo sees his livelihood at stake. Restaurant owner Abel Vieira from the fishing village of Apúlia fears that his centuries-old village could soon be swept away by the sea. In recent years, many houses directly on the beach have literally fallen into the sea. Abel Vieira’s restaurant, one of many directly behind the dunes, is in danger, and many jobs with it.

The central government says that it is aware of the issue. They are trying to solve the problem by pouring in millions of cubic meters of sand or erecting protective barriers. But it is a Sisyphean task. The EU has declared the fight against coastal erosion a priority and is offering financial support to the Portuguese authorities.



Coastal Management at Mappleton, England
by Internet Geography

This video explores the impact of coastal management at Mappleton on the Holderness Coast in the East Riding of Yorkshire.


3.5 – Case study - Integrated coastal zone management in Indonesia [NbS for the local communities]

This E-learning course on Nature-based Solutions (NbS) is designed to integrate NbS into local policies and financing schemes.

If you would like to learn more about Nature-based Solutions, you can access to our website INAS:

This E-learning course is a part of the contents on Asia-Pacific Climate Change Adaptation Information Platform (AP-PLAT). You can find more contents on AP-PLAT from:



Taking Care of Vietnam’s Coast: More Resilience, Better Livelihoods
by World Bank

Millions of Vietnamese people have relied on coastal resources for their livelihoods, but they are increasingly at risk due to dwindling marine resources and growing environmental problems. With World Bank support, 40 districts across eight provinces in Vietnam have used an inter-sectoral planning tool for better fisheries management, which has helped improve the balance between economic development and protecting marine ecosystems.



The History of Erosion and Coastal Management on the Gold Coast, Australia
by International Coastal Management

Discover the evolving history of the iconic beaches of the Gold Coast, Australia, and how innovative coastal engineering and management strategies were implemented to address erosion over the years, from humble beginnings to world leading solutions.

This video was produced by the Gold Coast City Council and directed by ICM's Angus Jackson, who was a coastal engineer with the City Council from 1976 to 1996, including Director of Beaches and Waterways from 1992 to 1995. Founding ICM in 1989, Angus and ICM have continued to provide coastal engineering services and expertise to the Gold Coast region and internationally.

For more information about the history of coastal management on the Gold Coast, see the following videos by the Griffith Centre for Coastal and Marine Research and the City of Gold Coast.


Restoring Beaches through Sustainable Coastal Protection and Management, India
by Asian Development Bank

The coastal town of Ullal in the state of Karnataka is an important trading center in the southwestern region of India. However, the safety and livelihood of its communities are threatened by shoreline erosion. Introduction of environmentally appropriate hybrid solutions have helped counter this threat to ensure sustainable coastal protection and climate change-resilient infrastructure.



Coastal Erosion in Atafona, Brazil
by Geo Costeira

Atafona is a seaside resort town located on the north shore of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. For five decades it has been suffering from the process of coastal erosion that has already destroyed hundreds of buildings. The causes, consequences, and solutions already proposed for the defense of the coast make this city a peculiar location on the Brazilian coast. We produce scientific knowledge applied to the characterization of the phenomenon and discuss solutions to mitigate their impacts. Visit





Soft Engineering Coastal Management Revision Short
by Internet Geography

This Internet Geography Revision short covers soft engineering coastal management, including beach nourishment and beach reprofiling, dune regeneration and managed retreat or coastal realignment. It provides a quick summary to support you with your GCSE geography revision.


Some resources:


Belize Coastal Zone Management Authority and Institute (CZMAI)

Our nation’s coastline is a vital source of national wealth and pride and many Belizeans depend on it for its numerous resources. Evidently, there may be conflicting interests for the different sectors that use the coastal zone which is why Integrated Coastal Zone Management is necessary for Belize. Coastal planning is the process used to make better decisions about the use of the coastal zone. It allows for consideration of many different uses of the coastal zone at once which allows for better decisions about uses and reduces potential conflicts that may arise from overlapping sectors.


Centre for Coastal Management, Ghana, Africa

The Centre for Coastal Management is Africa's Centre of Excellence in Coastal Resilience as recognised by the World Bank in 2019. As a Center of Excellence, we strive to be an exemplary and unique institution, providing demand driven services to the society. We have designed professional courses to build capacities of coastal resource users and managers for the greater benefit of the coastal environment. Through our research and partnerships, we are contributing to the global knowledge base of best practices in Integrated Coastal Management (ICM). Our website serves as a gateway to learning about all the we do. We look forward to engaging with you and for your support - financial or in-kind. Surf through our online resources.

The Centre acts as a focal point for collaborative research on coastal zone issues in Ghana. The focus of the research is usually demand-driven aimed among others to monitor the health of coastal ecosystems for conservation and sustainable resource use. A key component includes monitoring the effects of human and natural factors on coastal ecosystems. The Centre also engages in research of policy relevance, linked to fisheries management and governance issues within coastal communities. Outcomes of the research are disseminated through seminars, conferences, scientific publications, policy briefs, communiques, and the media.


Integrated Urban Coastal Management (IUCM), Singapore

Singapore is an island city state that is heavily dependent on its coastal and marine environment (CME), as well as its strategic location along a major sea lane. The island is a major transhipment hub for commercial shipping and is also one of the world’s busiest ports.

Its limited coastal and marine areas are densely populated and heavily used by various industries including shipping, transport, petroleum and petrochemical manufacturing as well as non-industrial activities such as residential development and recreation. These demands place Singapore’s CME under constant pressure. To achieve sustainable development, this fragile environment needs to be carefully planned and managed in a holistic and integrated manner.




The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
Coastal Zone Management




Futurist Portrait

Andrew Busch
Economic Futurist


Andrew Busch
Economist | Keynote Speaker | Futurist | Consultant

"Every day, I dive into reading and research, seeking out the most valuable and relevant information to share with my clients.

Despite all the negative news out there, I believe there are so many positive developments happening in the world that often go overlooked.

Each exciting new development presents an opportunity to learn, to grow, and to share that knowledge with my clients, and I am confident that with the right insights and guidance, we can make sense of even the most challenging times.

I answer "where we do go from here?" for the future by breaking down the chaos of our world and giving specific ideas how to overcome, adapt and thrive. My ROI is preparing your board, clients and conference attendees for the opportunities ahead.

I accomplish this by delivering keynotes and consulting based on my up-to-date research covering the economy, policy and supercharged trends. I've spent my career doing this for an investment bank (BMO), but also for the US govt. as the 1st Chief Market Intelligence Officer (CMIO).

Today, my clients are financial services, chemical, warehouse, print, insurance, manufacturing, transportation and energy firms...any group trying to understand the future and answer, "Where Do We Go from Here"?

For over 4 decades, I have been an economic and market expert keynote speaker. I just finished two years at the top of the US government as the nation’s 1st ever Chief Market Intelligence Officer or CMIO. This gave me a unique perspective and understanding of the US economy and how the US government functions during a crisis. My passion is help move audiences large and small from today’s chaos to tomorrow’s confidence. I calm people down and get them to see the business opportunities coming in the future."


Economic Futurist Explains the Economy in 2023

by Profoundly Pointless

What will the economy look like in 2023? Economic Futurist Andrew Busch specializes in predicting what's next for the economy and what that means for you.

We talk inflation, recession fears, cryptocurrency, emerging technologies and the best stocks and investments in 2023.




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