3D printing, Africa,
Air Conditioning, Australia, Belize,
Brazil, China, Coastal Management, Collective Intelligence,
ECONOMY, England, Ghana, India, Indonesia, Innovation,
IPCC, Netherlands, Portugal, SDGs, Singapore, Stakeholder
Capitalism, State of the World, Turkey, United Nations,
United States, Vietnam
All known cognitive agents are collective intelligences, because
we are all made of parts; biological agents in particular are not
just structurally modular, but made of parts that are themselves agents
in important ways. ...
Turkey has a herculean task at hand of embarking on a recovery,
while charting a path to continuous growth. Will it be capable to
bring about structural reforms to serve as a start-off hub for global
investments and bring about sustainable growth?
rapidly evolving business landscape, the integration of artificial
intelligence (AI) into various industries has fused the physical and
digital world, sparking significant transformations."
were meant to reward inventions. Its time to talk about how they
might not by Rebecca
Giblin, The University of Melbourne, Anders Furze, The University of
Melbourne and Kimberlee Weatherall, University of Sydney
For hundreds of years, we've
been told patents help deliver big new inventions, such as life-saving
They are meant to be a bargain
between the inventor and the public: tell us how your invention works,
and we'll give you a fixed time - a patent protection period - in which
you're the only person who can make use of it.
Such exclusive rights make
it easier for inventors to profit from their investments in research
and development, and in theory encourage innovation we wouldn't get
otherwise, which benefits us all.
We've long had to accept this
bargain on faith. But those core assumptions about patents are increasingly
being subject to empirical testing, and - as we detail in a new
podcast starting this week - often coming up short.
Many claimed inventions likely don't work
Consider the most basic assumption
- that the public will benefit from patented technologies - both as
products and services and as building blocks for more innovation. That's
meant to be achieved by inventors coming up with inventions that work,
then telling the patent office how they work.
Freilich graded the experiments
said to back up 500 life sciences patents against the requirements of
the journal Nature
- and found as many as 90%
didn't stack up and probably couldn't be reproduced.
law relies on the assumption that, when a patent is filed, it has
been "reduced to practice" - meaning that the invention
works. The reality is that most inventions likely do not work, casting
serious doubt on this assumption.
One of the reasons is the
way the patent system works.
Under the 'first-to-file'
system, when two inventors are developing similar technologies, the
inventor who gets to the patent office first gets the patent. Freilich
argues this means that any experiments they do conduct will inevitably
be quick and preliminary.
Worse still, only 45% of the
patents she examined were backed up by any sort of experiment. The remaining
55% were supported only by speculative and hypothetical evidence. This
is allowed under patent law at least in some countries, but it does
raise questions about what exactly the public gets out of the system.
Research sometimes accelerates when patents expire
We're also told we grant patents
to "incentivise" (encourage and reward) the kind of work needed
to get expensive products, like new drugs, to market.
But again, this theory doesn't
always match the practice.
Research led by John
Liddicoat of King's College London finds that in the development
of many drugs, the most expensive trials (Phase II and Phase III) actually
accelerate once patent protection expires, when universities and hospitals
feel free to step in.
This raises a number of serious
why aren't patents providing
an incentive for patent holders to do these trials?
should we shorten the
length of patents to bring forward trials?
are commercial organisations
best suited for trials?
Generative AI could also lead
to more patents: in the words of the government agency IP
Australia, it is likely to reduce "the barrier to creating
novelty". This could potentially overwhelm patent offices with
even lower quality patents.
It is also likely to mean
patent examiners can no longer rely on the default assumption that the
claimed invention is solely the result of human exertion, raising the
possibility of needing to rethink the patent bargain.
Invention matters more than ever
More and more, new research
and new developments are telling us we can no longer take the claims
made for the patent system on faith.
Urgent challenges - including
climate change, infectious diseases, political polarisation and artificial
intelligence - all require cutting-edge science that can be put to work
quickly and at scale to solve real-world problems.
That makes this an ideal time
to talk about whether our patent system is best equipped for that task,
exploring a range of options for finding and applying the innovations
we need - and bringing in voices and perspectives that are too often
marginalised in intellectual property debates.
These ideas are discussed in
the first episode of IP Provocations, a new podcast asking
challenging and sometimes controversial questions around IP and data.
can listen here, or via your favourite podcast platform.
is republished from The
under a Creative Commons license.
Situation and Prospects 2023
Multiple shocks to the world economy
The world continues to
confront multiple, inter-connected crises. Amid a slow recovery from
the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, the world is facing a food and
energy crisis exacerbated by the war in Ukraine, with record high inflation
unleashing a cost-of-living crisis. Developing countries are struggling
over the costs of imports and debt servicing, and a climate crisis continues
to wreak havoc on the most vulnerable countries and populations.
Amid monetary tightening, subdued consumption and private investments,
judicious government spending will remain critical for steering economic
recovery worldwide. The UN World Economic Situation and Prospects 2023
will underscore the imperative of supportive and accommodative fiscal
measures to lift growth and accelerate progress towards the Sustainable
The world is facing unprecedented stress on its systems and on
its people via economic imbalances, geo-politics, and climate change.
Although these factors interact in seemingly uncontrolled ways, we can
make changes that mitigate negative pressures.
Innovation has been a crucial driver of progress and development for
centuries from the discovery of fire and the invention of the
wheel, modern day civilization could be said to be the story of human
innovation. Advancements in healthcare, farming, education and manufacturing
technologies are the direct result of advanced human capabilities rooted
in determined endeavor.
beauty of collective intelligence, explained by a developmental biologist
| Michael Levin
by Big Think
a developmental biologist at Tufts University, challenges conventional
notions of intelligence, arguing that it is inherently collective rather
Levin explains that we
are collections of cells, with each cell possessing competencies developed
from their evolution from unicellular organisms. This forms a multi-scale
competency architecture, where each level, from cells to tissues to
organs, is solving problems within their unique spaces.
Levin emphasizes that properly
recognizing intelligence, which spans different scales of existence,
is vital for understanding life's complexities. And this perspective
suggests a radical shift in understanding ourselves and the world around
us, acknowledging the cognitive abilities present at every level of
MIT engineers have created
a supercapacitor made of ancient, abundant materials, that
can store large amounts of energy. Made of just cement, water, and carbon
black (which resembles powdered charcoal), the device could form the
basis for inexpensive systems that store intermittently renewable energy,
such as solar or wind energy.
Two of humanity's most ubiquitous historical materials, cement and carbon
black (which resembles very fine charcoal), may form the basis for a
novel, low-cost energy storage system, according to a new study.
At Make3D we provide local
solutions for local community problems using the 3D printing technology.
We focus on emergencies and emerging markets as well as technological
solutions in non-technological traditional industries. Together we can
provide local solutions for global problems.
Fatou Juka Darboe is the co-founder and director of Make3D Company Limited,
the first and only 3D printing company in The Gambia. Isatou Foon is
a young tour guide from Janjanbureh, renowned for its historical and
cultural heritage. What unites them is their passion to use trade to
transform their communities. Both have benefited from the Youth Empowerment
Project, an initiative of the International Trade Centre (ITC) funded
by the European Union, which aims to unlock the potential of young people
in The Gambia to support economic growth.
Fatou Juka Darboe: "My dream has always been to be able to manufacture
equipment that I will need as a Maintenance Technician here in The Gambia.
3D printing technology is one of the ways to achieve that and gives
you almost endless opportunities to materialize your ideas and customize
free cooling. Can we do it? by Just
Have a Think
By 2050 there will be almost six BILLION
air conditioning units in operation around the world. Current technology
is extremely energy hungry and often uses refrigerant gases with very
high global warming potential. We can't eliminate air conditioning,
because millions of people would literally die. So what are we doing
to try to solve a rapidly worsening problem?
ISC 2022 is dedicated to the Niti Aayog policies to promote sustainability
through exchange of ideas emerging out of the academia. The ISC is an
annual conference that is held in virtual mode until COVID restrictions
on travel exist. The vision of the conference is to capacitate Academia
with the necessary ideas that provide insights of the grassroot level
development to various stakeholders of the Niti-Aayog policies. Towards
this goal, the conference creates a conjunction of various stakeholders
of Niti-Aayog policies that include- academic institutions, government
bodies, policy makers and industry. The ISC organizers make concerted
efforts to promote academic research that would technological, scientific,
management & business practices, and insights into policy merits
& disruptions. The framework of exchange of ideas is geared towards
adoption of deep technologies, fundamental sciences & engineering,
energy research, energy policies, advances in medicine & related
case studies. This framework enables the round table discussions between
the academia, industry and policy makers through its range of plenary
and keynote speakers.
Assoc. Professor at National
& Kapodistrian University of Athens (NKUA)
A. Karras received the Diploma and M.Sc. degrees in electrical and electronic
engineering and the Ph.D. degree (with honors) in electrical engineering
from the National Technical University of Athens, Athens, Greece, in
1985 and 1995, respectively.,From 1990 to 2004, he collaborated as a
Visiting Professor and Researcher with several universities and research
institutes in Greece. Since 2002, he has been with the Department of
Informatics, Hellenic Open University, Patras, Greece, as a Visiting
Professor in communication systems. Since 2004, he has been with the
Department of Automation, Chalkis Institute of Technology, Chalkida,
Greece, as an Associate Professor in digital systems and signal processing.
He is also the Editor-in-Chief of the International Journal in Signal
and Imaging Systems Engineering. He has authored more than 50 research
journal papers on pattern recognition, image/signal processing, neural
networks, and bioinformatics, and more than 140 research papers in international
scientific conference proceedings. His research interests include pattern
recognition and neural networks, image and signal processing, image
and signal systems, biomedical systems, communications, networking,
and security.,Dr. Karras has served as program committee member in many
international conferences, and program and general chair in several
international workshops and conferences in the fields of signal, image,
and automation systems.
Professor, School of Electrical
and Automation Engineering, Jiangxi University of Science and Technology,
Ganzhou China Oct 2019 Ongoing
Kiran Oruganti is with the School of Electrical and Automation Engineering,
University of Science and Technology, Ganzhou, Peoples Republic
of China as a full Profes-
sor since October 2019. He is responsible for establishing an advanced
wireless power transfer
technology laboratory as a part of the international specialists team
for the Center for Advanced
Wirless Technologies. Between 2018-2019, he served as a senior researcher/Research
Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology. Previously, his
PhD thesis at Ulsan National
Institute of Science and Technology, South korea, led to the launch
of an University incubated
enterprise, for which he served as a Principal Engineer and Chief Designer
in 2017-2018. After
his PhD in 2016, he served Indian Institute of Technology, Tirupati
in the capacity of Assistant
Professor (Electrical Engineering) between 2016-2017.
(Physical Science), Rabindranath Tagore University
Dr. Sudeshna Ray's research at the interface of Chemistry and Material
Science is focused on the development of Novel Inorganic based Luminescent
materials for the application in white Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs)
and as Spectral Converters in Solar Cell. The novel materials can be
a single composition multi-centred phosphor or near UV/blue excitable
blue, green, yellow and red emitting phosphor. The utilization of 'Green'
solution based Synthesis Methodology for the precise control of the
composition of the phosphors and achievement of a homogenous distribution
of small amounts of activators in the host compounds is the main paradigm
of my Research. In addition, to my previous focus on Synthesis, Characterization
and Optical studies of size and shape tuned nanocrystalline Y2O3, YVO4
and YPO4 based phosphors, I am extensively involved into the research
for the development of Advanced Luminescence Materials so called Quantum
Cutters for the application in Solar Cell. A unifying theme of my research
is the compositional tuning of the properties of extended solids through
solid solution; sometimes referred to as the game of x and y, as, for
example, in Sr2(1-x-y/2)Eu2xLaySi1-yAlyO4. Design of New phosphor for
LEDs and fabrication of LEDs using the phosphors is an integral part
of my Research. Currently, I am involved in the synthesis of Persistent
Phosphors for the fabrication of Glow Bullet for Defense Application.
RESEARCH INTERESTS . Exploration of New Phosphors by Mineral Inspired
Methodology . Development of water soluble silicon compound by alkoxy
group exchange reaction . Synthesis of Eu2+ and Ce3+ doped silicate
phosphors using water soluble silicon compound . Solution Synthesis
of 'Size' and 'shape' tuned Nanomaterials . Characterization of Nanocrystalline
phosphors by XRD, TEM, FE-SEM and Raman spectroscopic measurement. .
Study of 'Up-conversion', 'Down-conversion', 'Down-shifting' phenomena
by steady state photoluminescence and lifetime measurement and analysis.
. Measurement of 'Quantum Efficiency' and Thermal stability of phosphors.
. Development and optical study of 'Quantum Cutting' Materials as Spectral
Converter for Solar cell
beaches are changing because of climate change
- green thinking is needed to save them by Jasper
Knight, University of the Witwatersrand
Different strategies are required to save
coastlines. Wikimedia Commons
Coastlines - the interface
between land and sea - lie at the frontline in the battle against climate
almost 1 billion people now live within 10km of a coastline and the
same number live in areas less than 10 metres above sea level. These
populations face some of the world's biggest climate hazards, such as
coastal floods from rising sea levels and the effects of hurricanes
and tropical storms, which are becoming
more frequent and deadly. If there is a 2 metre increase
in sea levels by 2100, this may lead to the forced
migration of between 72 million and 187 million people.
However, coastlines vary
substantially in their physical properties, and are found across all
latitudes, environments and with a range of ecosystems and types of
human activity. This means that coastline responses to climate change
will vary from one place to another.
Several studies have identified
sandy coastlines as particularly vulnerable to climate change, because
they are made up of loose sand grains that are easily eroded by waves.
in 2018 showed that 24% of sandy coasts globally were already experiencing
persistent net erosion because of climate change, and this was projected
to get even worse in the future.
This is of concern because
sandy coasts are particularly
important for biodiversity, carbon storage, agriculture and
In a recent study
of South African coastlines I examined the properties that contribute
to their physical and biological resilience. Coastal landforms (features
like estuaries, barrier islands, beaches and sand dunes) can buffer
the effects of climate change and provide ecosystem and environmental
services. Viewing coastal landforms as "green infrastructure"is
a way to work with nature to manage the impacts of climate change.
Managing coastlines to boost resilience
Not all sandy coastlines
respond in the same ways to climate, in part because they are made up
of different landforms. Research shows that these landforms respond
in different ways to waves, tides, sea-level change and sediment
Their varied behaviours
mean that a range of management responses are required to limit the
impacts of climate change on these landforms, and this is the challenge
facing all coasts globally in the 21st century.
However, there are some
problems. Many management approaches used in the past are inappropriate
or have actually made the situation worse. A classic example is where
a sea wall or revetment is built along an eroding sandy coastline. This
is usually a hard, high, straight structure, often built of concrete
and designed to stabilise the coastline and keep the sea out. These
structures often focus rather than disperse incoming wave energy, leading
to increased beach erosion and undercutting of the sea wall, and requiring
further and bigger structures to be built as the coast erodes even faster.
Many such engineering structures designed to protect coasts are expensive,
require continuous maintenance, and may have similar unintended consequences.
Thus, these structures often make coastal problems worse, not better.
Instead, different approaches
are needed. Working with - and not against - the natural processes and
landforms that already exist along sandy coastlines may be a more effective
and cheaper option. This is where natural beaches or sand dunes may
protect the land against coastal erosion and be maintained by natural
ecological and sedimentary processes.
study, I have shown how the natural landforms of different
coastal environments can serve as green infrastructure: natural features
that perform the same function as hard engineering structures in coastal
protection. Natural beaches or sand dunes can stabilise the land surface
and reduce erosion rates, provide ecosystem services and maintain biodiversity,
store organic carbon, modify microclimate, and reduce the impacts of
coastal hazards on local communities.
Using coastal landforms
as green infrastructure can build coastal resilience to climate change.
This is a "win-win" situation for both coastal landforms and
Green infrastructure is
part of wider nature-based
solutions to addressing environmental issues and climate
change impacts. However, a number of developments are needed to make
the use of green infrastructure a wider practice, but local authorities,
planners and managers.
Coastlines need to be recognised
as naturally dynamic, shifting environments rather than as environments
that need to be controlled and managed. The multiple and varied benefits
that coastlines give to the environment, ecosystems and people must
be recognised, including how they relate to one another.
Coastlines therefore need
to be considered as integrated and dynamic systems, not simply as the
boundaries between land and sea.
And finally, not all coastlines
are the same - sandy and rocky coastlines work in different ways, as
do coral reef, mangrove or glaciated coasts. This means that each coastline
has different elements that contribute to their overall resilience or
vulnerability to climate change impacts.
Climate change is accelerating sea-level
rise (SLR) and, with coastal urbanisation increasing worldwide, cliff
erosion on rocky coasts is an immediate hazard to human lives, property
and infrastructure in these locations.
European coastal states are affected by coastal
hazards resulting from floods, storm surges and erosion which impact
thousands of kilometers of European coasts. Between 1998 and 2009,
Europe suffered over 213 major damaging floods which have caused some
1126 deaths, the displacement of about half a million people and at
least €52 billion in insured economic losses.
Disaster risk reduction
(DRR) is defined as the concept and practice of reducing disaster
risks through systematic efforts to analyse and reduce the causal
factors of disasters. Reducing exposure to hazards, lessening vulnerability
of people and property, wise management of land and the environment,
and improving preparedness and early warning for adverse events are
all examples of disaster risk reduction.
Risk management planning
is the result of the interaction of a measure with the biophysics
of the coasts (COASTAL FEATURES), the human behaviour
(PEOPLE & STORIES) and the institutional arrangements
(GOVERNANCE). Each coast is characterized by bio-physical
and cultural particularities, like coastal morphology, heritage, cultural
values, legal and administrative traditions, interpretations of risk
and economic situation. Therefore, the utilization of a given measures
can only be successful if the particular biophysical, cultural and
institutional background that the measure steams from are well understood.
Through OURCOAST, the
European Commission aims to ensure that lessons learned from the
coastal management experiences and practices can be shared and
are made accessible to those who are seeking sustainable solutions
to their coastal management practices.
OURCOAST focuses in particular
on adaptation to risks and the impacts of climate change, information
and communication systems, planning and land management instruments,
and institutional coordination mechanisms.
The main final product
of OURCOAST is the ICZM
Database: a comprehensive compilation of hundreds of case
study summaries that reflect successful examples of ICZM tools applied
throughout Europe (with a search by Geographical Selection; Themes;
Key Approaches; Free Search).
A multi lingual website
will host the ICZM Database providing navigation and information about
OURCOAST in ten European languages.
The ICZM database of
Ourcoast is currently included in the European Atlas
of the Seas, an interactive web-based geographic application,
providing general marine data and maritime information along with
statistics on the European seas and coasts.
Climate change in the Netherlands
- Pioneering coastal management
by DW Documentary
The Netherlands is a frontrunner
in innovative coastal management. After all, around a third of the country
is below sea level. As the Dutch set about modernizing their dykes,
they hope that a marsh grass will help stem the rising tides.
In the Netherlands, climate
change is far more than an abstract future danger. With sea levels rising,
coastlines are set to be hit more frequently by floods in the future.
Scientists at the Royal Netherlands Institute of Sea Research are looking
for new ways of protecting their country's dykes and seawalls. They
discovered that common cordgrass can slow down incoming waves and soften
their impact. The next challenge was how to plant the grass in mudflats
without it being repeatedly washed away by the tides. Their solution:
a lattice structure made of potato starch. In addition to coastal protection,
however, the Netherlands also has researchers looking at the potential
for using seaweed to benefit the climate as a food source or a plastic
substitute. Elsewhere, a floating farm in Rotterdam produces dairy products
while boasting a drastically lower carbon footprint. And Amsterdam is
now home to neighborhoods comprising floating homes. On the coastal
management and climate protection fronts, the Netherlands has expertise
that is in growing global demand.
The battle against the
sea - Coastal erosion in Portugal
by DW Documentary
Coastal erosion is becoming
an increasing problem for Portugals Atlantic coast. Each winter
brings heavier storms, and the rising sea level is endangering homes
and beach promenades. How are local residents and authorities coping
with the situation?
The pressure on Portugals
west coast is mounting by the year. In the north in particular, many
Portuguese are fighting a desperate battle against the advancing sea,
which is threatening beaches and coastal resorts. Every year, environmental
authorities have to concede coastal homes to the ocean and resettle
their inhabitants. The report shows how people in Portugal are battling
rising sea levels and coastal erosion. Locals such as fisherman Vítor
Cacheira, who can no longer make a living from coastal fishing. He now
works as a town councilor in Esmoriz, promoting a resettlement program
which provides affected families with secure housing.
At the beach in Furadouro,
surfing instructor and nature guide João Paulo sees his livelihood
at stake. Restaurant owner Abel Vieira from the fishing village of Apúlia
fears that his centuries-old village could soon be swept away by the
sea. In recent years, many houses directly on the beach have literally
fallen into the sea. Abel Vieiras restaurant, one of many directly
behind the dunes, is in danger, and many jobs with it.
The central government
says that it is aware of the issue. They are trying to solve the problem
by pouring in millions of cubic meters of sand or erecting protective
barriers. But it is a Sisyphean task. The EU has declared the fight
against coastal erosion a priority and is offering financial support
to the Portuguese authorities.
Management at Mappleton, England
by Internet Geography
explores the impact of coastal management at Mappleton on the Holderness
Coast in the East Riding of Yorkshire.
Case study - Integrated coastal zone management in Indonesia [NbS
for the local communities]
course on Nature-based Solutions (NbS) is designed to integrate NbS
into local policies and financing schemes.
If you would like to learn
more about Nature-based Solutions, you can access to our website INAS:
This E-learning course
is a part of the contents on Asia-Pacific Climate Change Adaptation
Information Platform (AP-PLAT). You can find more contents on AP-PLAT
Care of Vietnams Coast: More Resilience, Better Livelihoods by World Bank
Vietnamese people have relied on coastal resources for their livelihoods,
but they are increasingly at risk due to dwindling marine resources
and growing environmental problems. With World Bank support, 40 districts
across eight provinces in Vietnam have used an inter-sectoral planning
tool for better fisheries management, which has helped improve the balance
between economic development and protecting marine ecosystems.
of Erosion and Coastal Management on the Gold Coast, Australia
by International Coastal Management
Discover the evolving history of the
iconic beaches of the Gold Coast, Australia, and how innovative coastal
engineering and management strategies were implemented to address erosion
over the years, from humble beginnings to world leading solutions.
This video was produced by the Gold Coast City Council
and directed by ICM's Angus Jackson, who was a coastal engineer with
the City Council from 1976 to 1996, including Director of Beaches and
Waterways from 1992 to 1995. Founding ICM in 1989, Angus and ICM have
continued to provide coastal engineering services and expertise to the
Gold Coast region and internationally.
For more information about the history of coastal
management on the Gold Coast, see the following videos by the Griffith
Centre for Coastal and Marine Research and the City of Gold Coast.
Beaches through Sustainable Coastal Protection and Management,
by Asian Development Bank
town of Ullal in the state of Karnataka is an important trading center
in the southwestern region of India. However, the safety and livelihood
of its communities are threatened by shoreline erosion. Introduction
of environmentally appropriate hybrid solutions have helped counter
this threat to ensure sustainable coastal protection and climate change-resilient
Erosion in Atafona, Brazil
by Geo Costeira
Atafona is a seaside resort
town located on the north shore of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. For five
decades it has been suffering from the process of coastal erosion that
has already destroyed hundreds of buildings. The causes, consequences,
and solutions already proposed for the defense of the coast make this
city a peculiar location on the Brazilian coast. We produce scientific
knowledge applied to the characterization of the phenomenon and discuss
solutions to mitigate their impacts. Visit http://geocosteira.uff.br
Coastal Management Revision Short
by Internet Geography
Geography Revision short covers soft engineering coastal management,
including beach nourishment and beach reprofiling, dune regeneration
and managed retreat or coastal realignment. It provides a quick summary
to support you with your GCSE geography revision.
coastline is a vital source of national wealth and pride and many Belizeans
depend on it for its numerous resources. Evidently, there may be conflicting
interests for the different sectors that use the coastal zone which
is why Integrated Coastal Zone Management is necessary for Belize. Coastal
planning is the process used to make better decisions about the use
of the coastal zone. It allows for consideration of many different uses
of the coastal zone at once which allows for better decisions about
uses and reduces potential conflicts that may arise from overlapping
for Coastal Management is Africa's Centre of Excellence in Coastal Resilience
as recognised by the World Bank in 2019. As a Center of Excellence,
we strive to be an exemplary and unique institution, providing demand
driven services to the society. We have designed professional courses
to build capacities of coastal resource users and managers for the greater
benefit of the coastal environment. Through our research and partnerships,
we are contributing to the global knowledge base of best practices in
Integrated Coastal Management (ICM). Our website serves as a gateway
to learning about all the we do. We look forward to engaging with you
and for your support - financial or in-kind. Surf through our online
The Centre acts as a focal point for collaborative research on coastal
zone issues in Ghana. The focus of the research is usually demand-driven
aimed among others to monitor the health of coastal ecosystems for conservation
and sustainable resource use. A key component includes monitoring the
effects of human and natural factors on coastal ecosystems. The Centre
also engages in research of policy relevance, linked to fisheries management
and governance issues within coastal communities. Outcomes of the research
are disseminated through seminars, conferences, scientific publications,
policy briefs, communiques, and the media.
is an island city state that is heavily dependent on its coastal and
marine environment (CME), as well as its strategic location along a
major sea lane. The island is a major transhipment hub for commercial
shipping and is also one of the worlds busiest ports.
Its limited coastal and
marine areas are densely populated and heavily used by various industries
including shipping, transport, petroleum and petrochemical manufacturing
as well as non-industrial activities such as residential development
and recreation. These demands place Singapores CME under constant
pressure. To achieve sustainable development, this fragile environment
needs to be carefully planned and managed in a holistic and integrated
Economist | Keynote Speaker | Futurist | Consultant
I dive into reading and research, seeking out the most valuable and
relevant information to share with my clients.
Despite all the negative
news out there, I believe there are so many positive developments happening
in the world that often go overlooked.
Each exciting new development
presents an opportunity to learn, to grow, and to share that knowledge
with my clients, and I am confident that with the right insights and
guidance, we can make sense of even the most challenging times.
I answer "where we do go from here?" for the future by breaking
down the chaos of our world and giving specific ideas how to overcome,
adapt and thrive. My ROI is preparing your board, clients and conference
attendees for the opportunities ahead.
I accomplish this by delivering keynotes
and consulting based on my up-to-date research covering the economy,
policy and supercharged trends. I've spent my career doing this for
an investment bank (BMO), but also for the US govt. as the 1st Chief
Market Intelligence Officer (CMIO).
Today, my clients are financial services,
chemical, warehouse, print, insurance, manufacturing, transportation
and energy firms...any group trying to understand the future and answer,
"Where Do We Go from Here"?
For over 4 decades, I have been an economic and market expert keynote
speaker. I just finished two years at the top of the US government as
the nations 1st ever Chief Market Intelligence Officer or CMIO.
This gave me a unique perspective and understanding of the US economy
and how the US government functions during a crisis. My passion is help
move audiences large and small from todays chaos to tomorrows
confidence. I calm people down and get them to see the business opportunities
coming in the future."
Economic Futurist Explains the Economy in 2023
by Profoundly Pointless
What will the economy look like in 2023? Economic Futurist Andrew Busch
specializes in predicting what's next for the economy and what that
means for you.
We talk inflation, recession fears, cryptocurrency,
emerging technologies and the best stocks and investments in 2023.