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Articles
by: Prof. Dr. Chris De Bruijn, MedPlus Europe S.A.,
type: Articles
in: 06 the future of Medicine

Aging, chronic immune stimulation and chronic degenerative disease are logic consequences of life. Our genes and our life style can influence aging. Modern molecular medicine for the first time offers options to use that knowledge.

Aging is a normal biological process. It is the logic consequence of the fact, that we can only exist and survive thanks to the use of the oxygen that we breath and the interaction with other substances (e.g. food). During the processing of oxygen and food, highly oxidative molecules, called "free radicals", are formed. They have a number of important biological functions, a. o. in the regulation of the blood pressure, in supporting the immune system in its fight against micro-organisms and in the processes that lead to the removal of outdated cells in our body (apoptosis), thus enabling "fresh" cells to take over.

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by: Ivan Horrocks, Lawrence Pratchett,
type: Articles
in: 07 the future of Countries & Democracies

Despite their prevalence in all areas of economic and social life, information and communication technologies (ICTs), and their implications, continue to be largely ignored by United Kingdom political science. Yet the potential of modern ICTs to profoundly alter political, social and economic relations is extensive. This article is a brief discussion of the main themes and issues that arise from an exploration of ICTs in relation to democracy: that is, electronic democracy. It offers an introduction to the subject, and to the two following articles, each of which details specific examples and issues associated with the topic. more....

by: Nigel Farage MEP,
type: Articles
in: 07 the future of Countries & Democracies

The answer, of course, is that the process of integrating member states to create a People’s Republic of Europe is entering a critical phase. Up to the present the process of building this new nation state has been confined to dull, boring, and largely invisible technical measures – mostly associated with the creation of a customs union and the single market. But with the development of the common foreign and defence policies and the introduction of the euro – where everyone in the Eurozone uses for their currency pieces of paper emblazoned with the "ring of stars" – integration is becoming much more visible. The masses are beginning to notice what is happening.more....

by: John Stanton and Wayne Madsen,
type: Articles
in: 07 the future of Countries & Democracies

Orwell sounded such a warning 56 years ago through his characters in Animal Farm: " . . . Then there came a moment when the first shock had worn off and when, in spite of everything--in spite of . . . the habit, developed through long years, of never complaining, never criticizing, no matter what happened--they might have uttered some word of protest . . ."
But they didn't.
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by: Erkki Liikanen,
type: Articles
in: 07 the future of Countries & Democracies

eGovernment is now a central theme in information society policy at all levels: local, regional, national, European and even globally.
eGovernment is a tool not a goal in itself. It should help to deliver better government in at least three ways:
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by: Vivien A. Schmidt,
type: Articles
in: 07 the future of Countries & Democracies

European integration, as a regional variant of globalization, has produced much more dramatic change for members of the European Union than globalization has for other advanced industrialized nations, both in terms of the economy and the polity. This has in turn generated much greater challenges for EU countries with regard to national democratic governance and legitimacy than for countries affected by globalization alone. Such challenges involve not just such questions as how to adjust national economies or to adapt national institutions to EU exigencies but also how to legitimate such changes to the citizenry in terms of traditional conceptions of economic order and social justice as well as political representation and participation. In order to illustrate this, this paper considers the differential impact of the EU on three European countries, France, Britain, and Germany.more....

by: Michael Clarke,
type: Articles
in: 07 the future of Countries & Democracies

A visit to the new democracies of east and central Europe is constructive. In the endeavour to build a new state and civic society and to design arrangements for lasting democracy, local democracy assumes major importance. There are two reasons for this. First to provide counter balances within the system and, second, to create at the local level a corner-stone of the new order.

Both these things serve as reminders of the fragility of our own society. We have taken local government and democracy for granted or, worse, not even thought about it - with the consequence that it has been significantly weakened without much protest. Secondly, we do not seen any longer to view it as a fundamental building block of citizenship and democratic order.
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by: Agner Fog,
type: Articles
in: 07 the future of Countries & Democracies

This article explores several different disciplines for what they can contribute to an understanding of the factors that influence mass media, and how the media in turn influence the political climate and the social structure.
A combination of contributions from the different disciplines shows that a fierce economic competition forces the media to produce entertaining stories that appeal to people's emotions. Preferred topics include danger, crime, and disaster, which the media select and frame in ways that are counterproductive to an optimal political allocation of danger-fighting resources. Furthermore, it makes the audience perceive the world as more dangerous than it is, and this influences the democratic process strongly in the direction of authoritarianism and intolerance. This effect is an unintended consequence of the economic structure. The fact that these mechanisms are unchecked by democratic control is a fundamental problem to our political system.
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by: Pavel Tychtl,
type: Articles
in: 07 the future of Countries & Democracies

Central Europe may have not quite yet reached the economic level of the West European countries or North America and levels of consumer satisfaction may also differ, however there is one common feature Central Europeans share with the so-called advanced countries in the West: a high level of scepticism toward and disillusionment with democracy in general and democratic institutions - such as political parties, elections and parliaments - in particular. more....

by: Intergovernmental Advisory Board,
type: Articles
in: 07 the future of Countries & Democracies

This report by the Intergovernmental Advisory Board (USA) discusses five of the reasons E-Gov is valuable to the public sector and the metrics governments use to measure the benefits of using the Internet to deliver government services. It provides a comprehensive overview of E-Gov programs around the world and an in-depth analysis of 75 state programs that were nominated for digital government awards in 2001 and 2002. more....

by: Menno Scheers, Club of Amsterdam,
type: Articles
in: 06 the future of Medicine

The Club of Amsterdam organised a conference about the future of healthcare focussing on the patient experience on May 28th, 2003. This report will give you a brief summary of the topics and the discussion between the panel and the participants of the Club of Amsterdam.more....

by: European Space Agency,
type: Articles
in: 06 the future of Medicine

ESA telemedicine technology enables specialist physicians to perform detailed patient consultations from hundreds of kilometres away.
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by: Ton Dietz, University of Amsterdam,
type: Articles
in: 17 the future of Developing Countries

"Developing countries" are no more: scattered mix of experiences of (rapid) economic growth and decline, and of globalisation and deglobalisation
And the "Third World" as a political category of non-aligned countries is no longer relevant.
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