about the future of Ambient Intelligence
New Everyday View on Ambient Intelligence
by Stefano Marzano; Emile Aarts
What is Ambient Intelligence? Is it embedding technology into objects?
How does it incorporate or cater for universal desires, complex social
relationships, different value systems? What about individuals' likes
and dislikes, or the sustainability of economic and natural ecosystems?
This book explores the increasingly relevant phenomenon of Ambient
Intelligence in the form of essays by experts with illustrations.
Neighbourhoods: The Connected Community in Context
by Patrick Purcell
The setting for this book is the networked community. The treatment
of the subject matter is broad and interdisciplinary, with contributions
from computer science, sociology, design, human factors and communication
The chapter contributors,
drawn from across Europe and North America, offer a varied prospectus
of commentary, critique, sociological enquiry, technological development
and research findings, which provides a rounded account of the progressive
intermingling of social and electronic networks.
The contributors discuss
the ways in which the Internet affects both familial and social relationships,
communal and civic involvement, social capital and work patterns and
lifestyle. Civic intelligence is presented as a nascent concept from
which future social networks of increased public advocacy, scrutiny
and action may be sourced. Other reported developments include agent-based
community systems to model and support communal memory and social
The opening section provides
a purview of the broad scene covered by the book, followed by discussions
about the current state of connected communities. Following this there
are case studies illustrating the different aspects of research, both
sociological and technological, in this area. The final part reports
the variety and the scope of technology-mediated human-to-human communication
in a connected community setting today.
by W. Weber, J.M. Rabaey, E. Aarts
Ambient intelligence is the vision of a technology that will become
invisibly embedded in our natural surroundings, present whenever we
need it, enabled by simple and effortless interactions, attuned to
all our senses, adaptive to users and context-sensitive, and autonomous.
High-quality information access and personalized content must be available
to everybody, anywhere, and at any time. This book addresses ambient
intelligence used to support human contacts and accompany an individual's
path through the complicated modern world. From the technical standpoint,
distributed electronic intelligence is addressed as hardware vanishing
into the background. Devices used for ambient intelligence are small,
low-power, low weight, and (very importantly) low-cost; they collaborate
or interact with each other; and they are redundant and error-tolerant.
This means that the failure of one device will not cause failure of
the whole system. Since wired connections often do not exist, radio
methods will play an important role for data transfer. This book addresses
various aspects of ambient intelligence, from applications that are
imminent since they use essentially existing technologies, to ambitious
ideas whose realization is still far away, due to major unsolved technical
Hardware Technology Drivers of Ambient Intelligence
by Satyen Mukherjee, Emile Aarts, Raf Roovers,
Frans Widdershoven, Martin Ouwerkerk
Ambient Intelligence, an emerging paradigm in the development of information
and communication technology, has attracted much attention in recent
years. The aim of AmI is to seamlessly integrate technology into people's
environment in ways that improve their daily lives in terms of well-being,
creativity, and productivity. Ambient Intelligence is a multidisciplinary
concept that fully leverages a number of fundamental breakthroughs
achieved in the development of new hardware concepts during the past
several years. Recent advances in nano and micro electronics, packaging
and interconnection technology, large-area electronics, energy scavenging
devices, wireless sensors, low power electronics and computing platforms
enable realization of the marvels of Ambient Intelligence by overcoming
myriad physical challenges. Featuring contributions from leading technical
experts, this book presents a number of key topics in hardware innovation,
thus providing the reader with critical insight into the physical
basis of Ambient Intelligence as well as the key challenges that lie
Ground: Architecture, Pervasive Computing, and Environmental Knowing
by Malcolm McCullough
Digital Ground is an architect's response
to the design challenge posed by pervasive computing. One century
into the electronic age, people have become accustomed to interacting
indirectly, mediated through networks. But now as digital technology
becomes invisibly embedded in everyday things, even more activities
become mediated, and networks extend rather than replace architecture.
The young field of interaction design reflects not only how people
deal with machine interfaces but also how people deal with each other
in situations where interactivity has become ambient. It shifts previously
utilitarian digital design concerns to a cultural level, adding notions
of premise, appropriateness, and appreciation.
Malcolm McCullough offers
an account of the intersections of architecture and interaction design,
arguing that the ubiquitous technology does not obviate the human
need for place. His concept of "digital ground" expresses
an alternative to anytime-anyplace sameness in computing; he shows
that context not only shapes usability but ideally becomes the subject
matter of interaction design and that "environmental knowing"
is a process that technology may serve and not erode.
Drawing on arguments
from architecture, psychology, software engineering, and geography,
writing for practicing interaction designers, pervasive computing
researchers, architects, and the general reader on digital culture,
McCullough gives us a theory of place for interaction design. Part
I, "Expectations," explores our technological predispositions
-- many of which ("situated interactions") arise from our
embodiment in architectural settings. Part II, "Technologies,"
discusses hardware, software, and applications, including embedded
technology ("bashing the desktop"), and building technology
genres around life situations. Part III, "Practices," argues
for design as a liberal art, seeing interactivity as a cultural --
not only technological -- challenge and a practical notion of place
as essential. Part IV, "Epilogue," acknowledges the epochal
changes occurring today, and argues for the role of "digital
ground" in the necessary adaptation.
Radio Frequency Identification
(RFID) is rapidly changing the way businesses track inventory and assets.
From Wal-Mart and Tesco to the U.S. Department of Defense, early efforts
are already showing benefits, but software, integration, and data processing
for RFID still present a challenge. If you are a developer or an architect
charged with developing an RFID system, this book is for you. Drawing
on extensive experience, Bill Glover and Himanshu Bhatt provide you
with essential information on this emerging technology.
by Bill Glover, Himanshu Bhatt
Strategic Implementation and ROI: A Practical Roadmap to Success
by Charles Poirier, Duncan Mccollum
Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is one of the most talked about
emerging technologies in business today. But is it a temporary fad
or an unstoppable business improvement process? Because organizations
such as Wal-Mart and the US Department of Defense (DoD) have endorsed
RFID and are requiring key suppliers to be compliant as early as 2005,
many businesses are currently in the process of evaluating and testing
this new technology. As these actions play out, the list of promises
and problems continue to grow as does the need to better understand
what RFID is all about.
RFID Strategic Implementation
and ROI will help the reader comprehend the basics of RFID, the
fundamental technology and components, the potential applications
and business issues, and the marketplace forces at work in front of
and behind the scenes. It will explain the links with supply chain
management and develop an outline of costs and benefits. The authors
demystify the issues and present a clear roadmap for implementation
and adoption by manufacturers, distributors, retailers, and suppliers.
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